Specifically, adrenal medulla produces adrenaline and noradrenaline, hormones important for regulating the nervous system. The cortical portion of the adrenal produces hormones such as cortisol, aldosterone and androgens. These hormones are necessary to regulate the homeostasis of the human body and immune response. The adrenal glands can be the growth area of adenomas (benign tumors) and malignant tumors. The adrenal adenomas are benign tumors which do not metastasize to other tissues. Nevertheless, most adenomas secrete large amounts of hormones causing hormonal imbalance with significant health effects for the patients. In contrast, malignant tumors of the adrenal gland are a rare but extremely aggressive form of cancer. Regardless of the fact that the tumor is benign or malignant, the tumor is able to produce hormones that cause various events. Adrenalectomy is called the procedure during which an adrenal gland is removed.
- Indications for laparoscopic adrenalectomy
- Advantages of laparoscopic adrenalectomy-Postoperative course